tv [untitled] January 24, 2014 3:30am-4:01am EST
there's. high tech gadgets like the head up display from a sadie's show collision and lane departure warnings making for a safer driver reducing accidents and helping keep the city moving while certainly an improvement over traditional dashboards they do still require the driver to focus on the windscreen leaving the rest of the road a blur once again skolkovo lived up to its reputation. this contraption in the foyer may look like an arcade machine but under the bonnet it has more uses than just entertaining visitors the way you are a navigation system puts all of mental reality into the driving seat by projecting the route onto the road ahead so the driver's eyes are kept firmly focused on the road this simulation of the device also display speed fuel and ref count information rendering car does boards a thing of the past as well as helping drivers get about town or number gates treacherous cliffs holding roads the finished product will display up to date
traffic information and can be installed in any existing vehicle. where it is now on the drawing board and in development but the simulator is far from redundant. we decided to build a simulator to refine the user interface in order to test the way the display works before installing it in a real car. to demonstrate the focus to infinity effect so that people quickly understand that this new type of navigation system is indeed more convenient because it doesn't distract you from driving. the way you a team have bishops plans to network way re navigators with each other and the rest of the city to coordinate traffic and relieve roads of congestion so the burning question is when can we see them in our cars. parked or just people with forgot the optical design for both the holographic part and for the diffusion part is almost ready and right now where we. building up pre-industrial prototype just as soon as
possible. a lot of the scientific legwork to create a race being carried out to the lake to physical institute named after the man whose bust adorns the entrance a technology updates regular the institution longstanding expertise in lasers needs mentioning one of the main challenges is producing a three d. image on a flat windscreen that appears up to twenty meters in front of the car under a nickel live it here has which one does helping the way rates seem overcome some of the practical and scientific stumbling blocks once you get past all the snow committees you'll finally creating an image research death out of thin air isn't sorcery the secret behind the technology lies in this film the film basically acts as a three d. display on the windscreen the three d. stereoscopic image is what varies the focal point from the wind screen to infinity i think to flee overlaying the image along the road ahead so what's the trick like existing solutions that simply projects information on the windscreen the film
contains a holographic lens and this is how it's made a highly coherence laser beam is split into two one beam is shown through a glass lens onto the whole graphic film under second reference beam is shown directly onto the film and is the interference between these two beams this recorded and creates the holographic lens. we already have some experience of working with virtual displays but. these generally look like flat surfaces which are usually not very big since the laser power that we have now limits us to a certain size currently this is around ten by twelve centimeters but in the future they will be two or three times bigger. which means we will need a more powerful laser. with. the holographic film is.
transparent and has a diffraction efficiency of over ninety percent making it's ideal for a lens however it only reacts to the laser wavelength that was used to record the image so to create a color display in the end product three lasers representing the primary colors will be used to record three holographic layers holograms have none of the drawbacks of current three d. display technology that requires special viewing glasses which can be uncomfortable and dark in the images on screen. it's very good that they've become so heavily involved in this because infusing means a lot here it's a complex task because we're not just talking about making a lens it should be safe in crashes and you should be able to integrate the lens into the windshield that you need to place the projector somewhere in the optical projection system is also quite sophisticated the software is very important as well why because without senses monitoring the driver and the situation outside
this system would be no more than just another clock. we ray has already received numerous accolades as such prestigious events as the innovation convention and interest from the likes of intel and famous car makers so we hope it hits the road soon before we see what the future of technology holds let's take a look back and see what's already happened in two thousand and fourteen. bytes. the russian quantum school covers largest resident officially opened another lab complex at the innovation center at the end of last year the complex consists of six labs equipped to carry out research in different areas of quantum physics including optics simulators information processing and photonics the sensor employs seventy scientists including two nobel laureates it also contains the world's only four hundred gigawatts pulse laser system. quarter of
a. completed bush's longest ever space walk on december the twenty seventh last year that's eight hours seven minutes it's marks the longest amount of time the russian made all an m.k. suit spent in open space the cosmonauts mission was to install high end medium resolution cameras on the exterior of the international space station to send images by to earth in near real time the meteorites that exploded over the last year it was the largest object to hit our planet in a century it shattered thousands of windows people clean off their feet. at the ural federal university was voted one of nature's magazine's top ten scientists of two thousand and thirteen he played a crucial role in calculating the trajectory of the meteorites the calculations made by the me try to lead to a five hundred seventy kilogram boulder being recovered from a lake west of the city. will have to create a simulation will need to search long term experiments going will need virtual models because what was happening inside this ball of fire is
a mystery the good book. is the end of january and winter is well and truly here but just when you think you've had enough of the snow the ice laborde tree might just change your mind. point. the ice cube or two exhibition is currently being held for the first time in moscow the event fuses art and science to produce some pretty cool exhibits including this cry of phone which was one of the highlights of the show it uses all grew things to generate musical compositions when dry ice is added to water senses in the content register the changes in temperature and pressure as the dry ice turns to gas all this information is then processed and sent to the six channel sound system as well as entertaining guests the exhibition has more serious undertones hoping to raise awareness of the role that ice has in forming and recording our planet's climate.
it was the scientists were so you kind as to give us a very rare sample for our art. here we can see both lake and atmospheric. licorice is clearer and more transparent while atmospheric os is speckled. on the basis of these sparkles but it just can't determine what the climate was like thousands of years again this is it this is. the open source vostok project let's visit to see holograms of ice taken from the dark depths of lake vostok. that's all for the first half see you after the break. the sooner the better of the majority of the parliament which will be to say the
majority of the people make sure clear choice to join the union meanwhile the only thing we may expect is that the ukrainians and. political parties government and opposition. necessary understanding and especially the necessary primate to define. what you do. i know. tanya the lady well tell me how you are my little grandson. i know you are not alone. was being cut off. except it as an ecovillage that the spiritual side is destructive.
welcome back. to be believed. vases to spawn right in the comforts of our very own homes and what is being widely hailed as the next industrial revolution so we went out to find out more. calm exterior may be deceiving but the green city just be leading the country into the next industrial revolution three d. printing promises to shift mass production from the factory floor and bring it into the home allowing owners to realize their wildest dreams it. is the birthplace of
russia's first commercial three. already in its third incarnation the device is ease of use high printing speed imprecision there with the rest. it all started when i was still in my fourth year at school i wanted to work on a project of my own initially we tried robotics but then we realized that it would be difficult to commercialize our products this would require a serious investment we didn't have anything to create our prototypes with and that's when we first realized we have such an instrument as a three d. printer. although three d. printing technology has been around since the eighty's it's only really kicked off commercially when the majority of patients related to fused deposition modeling or f d m lapsed in the us in two thousand and seven this led to the markets being flooded with affordable open source princes such as this one by all to make. the printer is put together by hand on sites with the majority of pas being
produced right in the city. in the true spirit of three d. printing the company even prints sell parts to make more three d. printers given all the media hype surrounding the technology and its almost unlimited uses the demand for them is steadily growing and the guys here in sedona grad are working flat out just to keep up. generation device can produce very high quality products with a high quality surface and a high level of consistency when making more than one of the same object the deviation of the printed plastic model from the original three d. model is within a few hundredths of a millimeter. global demand for three d. printers and accessories is expected to grow significantly the lion's share of demand will be in north america western europe and asia however the growth in
demand in eastern europe is likely to be higher than the average twenty four point one percent reaching one hundred three million dollars in five years. the three d. printing market is expected to be worth five billion. dollars by two thousand and seventeen. the company's own haggis polygon software lets users modify the size of their objects and view progress in real time the printer doesn't even need to be connected to a computer users can simply insert an s.d. card and hit print while the vast selection of free online files means that early adopters will have plenty to keep them busy whether the three d. printing revolution is just around the corner or here already one thing's for sure in russia it started here in the in a grad the possibilities of three d. printing don't end with three d. trinkets we have the ability to print anywhere at any time but this only nicam print anything. else other than the last. the winter is always
a reminder of how we should look after our health with a indies everywhere feeling the strain particularly at this time of year there's no doubt that organ transplants save lives but waiting lists for compatible donors can never be shorter not so what if there were a way of producing compatible organs on demand. bio printing has traditionally meant printing biocompatible materials as a base for cells to grow their rates may sound far fetched scientists have already monies to preserve human ear and all the tissues take a scan of the organ to create a three d. blueprint cells are then taken from the patient which are then placed in a culture to multiply the cells then painstakingly placed on the three d. printer scuffled which is then incubator to produce a functioning all. three d. bio printing solutions opened its labs in september two thousand and thirteen with the sole purpose of advancing tissue engineering supported by the moscow department
of health care and in vitro labs the skolkovo resident should soon have all the equipment necessary to money factual organs it's also working on a revolutionary bio printing technique the methods still require. the three d. printer. used to store various types but crucially it no longer requires the scaffold around which they are placed. in two thousand and fourteen russia will have its first three d. printer this will far surpass any previous models as it will be produced using nano technology its speed and accuracy will far exceed that of any of the current models and perhaps most importantly it won't even be that expensive. traditional tissue engineering methods involve removing all the cells from a dead human or animal leaving only the protein which is then repopulate and
incubator. has taken this a step further and come up with a method for printing an organ directly without the use of any organic or artificial scaffolds it involves extracting stem cells from the patient's tissue which are then mixed with. and placed in three d. printed. incubated to produce which are the building blocks of printing from here you can pretty much print any. we do not use animals or any synthetic polymers for support structures. we only use hydrogen. the hydro gel is ninety nine percent water. which are each made up of tens of thousands of cells together making the bio used to create the printer lays down a layer of bio paper. printed cells of the same type a naturally attracted to each other and combined to produce tissue the process
continues in this way layer by layer the bio paper eventually dissolves and the layers fuse. to produce a fully functioning organ the simplest tissues are those that don't have blood vessels in them. such as cartilage skin and so on the organs that we really need our kidneys livers hearts and lungs but that my only be possible in the distant future although printed organs might not be here quite yet doctors can already do some pretty impressive stuff stem cell therapy involves using new adult stem cells to regenerate damaged or diseased tissue it may still be in its infancy but doctors believe that the treatment has the potential to treat anything from spinal injuries and cancer baldness to missing teeth heart disease is one of the biggest killers there is with heart valve transplants running into tens of thousands in russia every year alone. thankfully penza based made in just paralytic carbon heart valves
are indistinguishable in terms of performance from the real thing but provide the long life offered by artificial ones giving many people a second chance. bone implants and now commonplace but that doesn't make them any less advanced porous nickel titanium a lawyer is a promising new material that's flexible when cold snaps back into its original shape body temperature. just like soft tissue organs bone implants also need to be accepted by the body so they're given a special coating. the surface kerching should have the exact same composition as bone so the body doesn't reject the implant once it's inserted so our task is to minimize the difference between the bone tissue and the implant cultural thing else and phosphate films do this perfectly. calcium and phosphate together make hydroxy appetite which is a natural components of bone the coating is applied by a process called physical vapor deposition where calcium and phosphate
a vaporized into a plasma then condensed into a thin film on to the implant in this paid to vacuum chamber the whole procedure takes several hours but the finely tuned ratios in. the long term success of the implant the atoms gradually dissolve stimulating bone growth around the implant which results in a solid natural bond. as well as modifying burning we have started researching ways to make ultra think coatings for coronary stents. function of the vascular system could be lethal. searching for new ways to prolong the life of the patients is of utmost importance . can be expanded to keep weak or narrow arteries open unfortunately delicate arteries can be damaged during the
implant operation. complications after the operation coated in titanium nitride oxide. coating helps avoid arterial damage and promotes healing significantly reducing the risk of blood clots forming although archie collapsing again later the coating also remains intact as the mess she was expanded within the artery just like bone implants are applied using the. very so-called early. currently on the market guarantee successful treatment for older patients we've. known but there's increased risks of late from occurring even after several years are preliminary findings allow us to predict that we can avoid both early and late.
given the medical breakthroughs we've already made and with three d. printed ones coming in the not too distant future hopefully we'll be able to start throwing less about our health and spend more time enjoying the. finer things in life. the festive season is already behind us. to stop celebrating. but with a modern twist. brain. says be great if instead of you could just sit around. and use paper time would become meaningless as you tumble down the rabbit hole into a strange beguiling world of playing cards smiling. as you wait for the starts when the final bell rings. has been magically gone but the weirdest thing of all is that this is no fictitious wonder the robo c.v. does all the heavy lifting and carrying so you don't have to the completely
automated forklift can freely move around warehouses transporting pallets. from aid to be giving you more time to kick back and relax or concentrate on more important things. formed by a group of robotics enthusiasts just over two years ago the company designs autopilot systems based around computer vision and the c.v. . although it's not the first company specializing in me to transport. the installed an existing hardware. technologies require a special infrastructure like. magnets imbedded in the floor. but rather expensive and takes a long time to install our technology doesn't require anything like that. computer vision in other words we simply replace the forklift driver with our automatic pilot system. sees the surroundings with
a laser ranging system at the front and four cameras all this information is processed by the computer which in turn controls the accelerator. break wheels and forks. the robots first constructs of bitch will three d. model of a warehouse is thing compares what it's currently seeing with the model to determine its exact location the intelligent navigation system is capable of identifying and avoiding obstacles and people they are all fully independent and communicate with each other while asleep which means they can establish who has right of way on the warehouse floor once the destination has been reached on the card. to the next job but the secret behind the success isn't in the hardware. sure enough of the little . development is a mathematical tool that allows the system to understand exactly where it is.
that technological. but it's really not enough just to produce a working technology it's important but that technology comes at a low cost so that it's economically feasible. the relatively low initial costs of the solution combined with the money and time saved in the long run means that pays for itself in a short amount of time with companies always looking to cut costs in today's financial climate the makers of robo c.v. have even received orders from a well known high-tech south korean company some sun currently has six forklifts of his warehouse in the kaluga region which have been fitted with a robo c.b. system and the company's plans to increase this number in the near future with one satisfied customer already in the bag that seems to be working with international brands spurred on by such an early success is the guys at c.v.
have ambitious plans for the future. in the near future or automatic navigation systems will be created for large vehicles and heavy machinery as well as other means of transport that could be used within what specifically can. truck. safety is already pretty strict even before driving themselves. streets away if anything. enters the area immediately in front of it all information channels have backups and the whole system is monitored. so. for this edition of technology. here. and enjoy the ride.
photo on june sixteenth one thousand forty one we had a graduation party at school and the war broke out. the shops were always full of goods. but in september leningrad was blocked. one day mom went to europe saw that all the shelves were empty. in november they bombed the day of steel warehouses where you saw it was the main storage place for all the food in the city people eating the earth because it had small traces of sugar in it i tried to eat it as well but i couldn't. the third night it was incredibly heavy bombing. it was